COLUMBUS (WCMH) –The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) released a report showing that Earth’s surface is currently on a pace for its second warmest year on record globally, based on air and water temperatures compiled during the first half of 2020.
Temperatures in parts of Northern Europe and northern Siberia ave experienced historic heat waves. Among the few areas that were below normal for the first six months of the year included portions of eastern Canada and Greenland, a reflection of a wavy jet stream. Sections of Asia and India have also registered cooler-than-average readings over the six-month period.
June 2020 marked the 426th consecutive month with higher-than-normal temperatures worldwide.
Sea surface temperatures in parts of the North Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico have averaged 5 to 10 degrees Fahrenheit warmer than normal. A buoy reading of 92.5 degrees off Virginia Key, Fla., on July 2 was an all-time record. Warm water is conducive to tropical storm formation.
The Atlantic Basin has seen six named storms already. Tropical Storm Fay formed on July 9 off the North Carolina coast, and became the first tropical storm to make landfall in New Jersey since Irene in 2011. The previous earliest sixth named storm was Franklin on July 21, 2005.
The heat in Siberia has been extreme in June, which is causing a dangerous pattern of wildfires. Temperatures from January to June averaged more than nine degrees Fahrenheit above normal (1951-1980). Verkhoyasnk reached 100.4 degrees, an all-time record for the Arctic Circle, on June 20.
On July 12, Death Valley, Cal., peaked at 127.7 degrees–hottest temperature globally so far this year. In the Coachella Valley in Southern California, Palm Springs was a toasty 121. Lubbock, Tex., peaked at a July record high of 111 on July 14, after an all-time high minimum reading of 86 degrees.
So far this year, there have been 10 billion-dollar weather disasters, the sixth year in a row with 10 or more such extreme events, according to NOAA.
The slowdown in air and car travel for several months during the ongoing pandemic reduced carbon dioxide emissions around the world, but the mitigating effect on warming was temporary.